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Submitted: 24 Sep 2012
Accepted: 05 Jul 2013
ePublished: 01 Oct 2013
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2014;6(1): 18-22.
doi: 10.15171/jpid.2014.004
  Abstract View: 166
  PDF Download: 157

Research Article

Subjective Evaluation of Lateral Pedicle Graft and Free Mucosal Graft for Donor Site Morbidity and Aesthetics in Localized Gingival Recessions

Rameshwari Singhal 1*, Braham Prakash Khattak 2, Vipin Agarwal 3, Anamika Sharma 4, Pavitra Rastogi 5

1 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow, India
2 Director Professor, Subhartl Dental College, MEERUT,India
3 Department of Periodontics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies, Kadrabad, Modinagar, India
4 Department of Periodontics, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
5 Department of Periodontics, Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University, Lucknow, India
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: rsinghal23@hotmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims. Localized gingival recession presents as a special therapeutic problem. Subjective parameters and donor site morbidity are often overlooked while deciding on any treatment option.

Materials and methods. 22 subjects were equally divided in Group A (Lateral pedicle graft) and Group B (Free mucosal graft). Subjective evaluation of post operative sensitivity, discomfort and bleeding at donor site, and patient perception of aesthetics was done.

Results. Both groups showed the potential of achieving root coverage; however on comparison between the two groups, lateral pedicle flap showed improved patient perceived Quality of Life as compared to free mucosal graft, although clinical results were statistically non significant.

Conclusion. Lateral pedicle graft is associated with less donor tissue morbidity and is well tolerated by the patient as compared to free mucosal graft. 

Keywords: Esthetics, gingival recession, plastic surgery, quality of life
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