Pregnancy is a physiological state that brings a wide range of changes in a woman’s life, including a susceptibility to periodontal
disease, probably due to hormonal changes associated with pregnancy. The metabolism and immunology of the body
are modified by hormones like progesterone and estrogen as well as other local factors. These sex hormones may modify
the oral mucosa and may lead to various periodontal diseases. The hormonal changes occurring during pregnancy may be
associated with pregnancy gingivitis, gingival bleeding, and generalized or localized gingival enlargement in the presence
of local factors that may accentuate the gingival response. This article reviews the condition and presents two cases.