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Submitted: 10 Feb 2016
Accepted: 02 Apr 2016
ePublished: 09 Oct 2018
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2016;8(1): 33-36.
doi: 10.15171/jpid.2016.006
  Abstract View: 179
  PDF Download: 200

Research Article

Evaluation of Relationship between Streptococcus mutans, Dental Caries and IL-1α and IL-6

Hossein Eslami 1, Firoz Pouralibaba 1, Roya Rezaii Sepas 2, Ali Zarandi 3*

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Private Practice, Tabriz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: dr.alizarandi@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims. Streptococcus mutans is an important species in oral microflora and its components have been found to stimulate production of proinflammatory cytokines in dental caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1α and IL-6) in patients with S. mutans.

Materials and methods. Seventy samples were selected during pulpectomy and investigated for the presence of IL-1α and IL-6 by ELISA. The results were analyzed by t-test (α = 0.05).

Results. The results showed higher mean concentrations of IL-6 and IL-1a in inflamed pulpal tissues in subjects with dental caries associated with S. mutans, compared with intact pulpal tissue samples; these higher means were statistically significant in all cases (P<0.05).

Conclusion. The results of this study suggested relations between the production of IL1-a and IL-6 in dental caries caused by S. mutans. 

Keywords: Dental caries, interleukin-6, interleukin-1α, inflammation, Streptococcus mutans
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