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Submitted: 18 Mar 2014
Accepted: 02 Jul 2014
ePublished: 08 Oct 2014
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2014;6(2): 54-59.
doi: 10.15171/jpid.2014.010
  Abstract View: 210
  PDF Download: 215

Research Article

Comparison of Opening Torque of Grooved and Non-grooved Memory Alloy Screws for Mandibular Fracture Fixation

Bijan Movahhedian 1, Shadab Ghods 2, Anahita Azadi 2*, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh 3

1 Associate Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial, Dental School, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Postgraduate Student, Department of Periodontology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Periodontics, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: anahita.azadi2013@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims. The aim of this study was to assess the opening torque of grooved and non-grooved screws made of shape memory alloys (SMA) for fixation of mandibular fractures.

Materials and methods. In this in vitro study the opening torques of ten SMA screws with grooves and ten SMA screws without grooves were compared in 20 holes (10 holes for grooved screws and 10 holes for non-grooved screws) placed in the bovine mandible. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05.

Results. The mean opening torque was 2.27 ± 0.43 nm for screws in the control group and 2.05 ± 0.45 nm for screws in the grooved group (P < 0.05, P = 0.08).

Conclusion. This study revealed that the torque needed for opening the grooved screws was higher in comparison with current fixation screws; however, the difference was not statistically significant.

Keywords: Bone, implant, mandibular fixation, shape memory alloys (SMA), torque
 
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