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J Adv Periodontol Implant Dent. 2022;14(1): 32-37.
doi: 10.34172/japid.2022.003
  Abstract View: 49
  PDF Download: 4

Research Article

Evaluation of the effect of coenzyme Q10 supplementation along with scaling and root planing (SRP) on periodontal and gingival indices in controlled diabetic patients

Shima Ghasemi 1 ORCID logo, Zeinab Torab 2 ORCID logo, Adileh Shirmohammadi 3 ORCID logo, Amirreza Babaloo 3 ORCID logo, Reza Johari 4, Farrokh Farhadi 5 ORCID logo, Majid Mobasseri 6 ORCID logo, Hamidreza Mohammadi 3* ORCID logo

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Private practic, Tabriz, Iran
5 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
6 Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Endocrine Research Center, Imam Reza Medical Research & Training Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Hamidreza Mohammadi, E-mail: , Email: h.moh.perio@gmail.com

Abstract

Background. This clinical trial evaluated the effect of coenzyme Q10 supplementation along with scaling and root planing (SRP) on periodontal and gingival indices in controlled diabetic patients.

Methods. Forty-two diabetic patients (controlled type), referred to the Department of Periodontics with chronic periodontitis and eligible for the study, were included in the study. Patients suffering from chronic periodontitis with a probing pocket depth of ≥5 mm in different quadrants of the oral cavity with radiographic evidence of bone loss were included in the present randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. The subjects were instructed to take one capsule of coenzyme Q10 or a placebo every day for 30 days following SRP. Clinical parameters, i.e., plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), and probing pocket depth (PPD), were recorded at baseline and four weeks after treatment by two masked and calibrated examiners. The study results were reported as (mean ± standard deviations) and frequencies (percentages).

Results. One month after the intervention, PPD, CAL, BOP, and PI indices in the intervention group were significantly lower than those in the control group. One month after the intervention, the GI was similar in both groups. A significant decrease was observed in the GI in both groups after the intervention.

Conclusion. The results of the present study showed that Q10 orally with scaling and root planing in patients with controlled diabetes with chronic periodontitis might accelerate the treatment process and significantly reduce the pocket depth.

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Submitted: 10 Aug 2021
Revision: 02 Mar 2022
Accepted: 02 Mar 2022
ePublished: 13 Mar 2022
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