Submitted: 10 Jun 2009
Accepted: 01 Sep 2009
ePublished: 21 Sep 2018
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2009;1(1): 28-30.
  Abstract View: 139
  PDF Download: 85

Research Article

Evaluation of the Relationship between Periodontal Parameters and Liver Cirrhosis

Seyed Ali Banihashemrad 1*, Abbas Shirdel 2, Samira Pakro 3

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran
3 Dentist, Private Practice, Mashhad, Iran
*Corresponding author; E-mail: banihashemrad@yahoo.com


Background and aims. Liver cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases are sometimes detected with oral manifestations, and in recent years, cirrhosis has been recognized as a potential predisposing condition for periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the periodontal parameters in cirrhotic patients.

Materials and methods. In this study, twenty hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis (case group) and 20 healthy individuals (control group) were selected and matched by age, gender, oral hygiene, and smoking habit. All subjects were non-alcoholic. The diagnosis of liver cirrhosis was confirmed histologically, and no other systemic diseases were present. Periodontal indices including probing depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding points index (BPI), and plaque index (PI) were recorded in both groups. The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney and t-test.

Results. Mean CAL in case and control groups were 5.05 ± 0.33 mm and 4.90 ± 0.32 mm, respectively (P > 0.05). Mean PPD was 4.37 ± 0.20 mm in case and 4.28 ± 0.18 mm in control group (P > 0.05). Mean BPI was found to be 21.1% and 19.9% in the case and control group, respectively (P > 0.05). Mean PI was 21.55 in case and 19.45 in control subjects (P > 0.05).

Conclusion. According to the results of this study, it could be concluded there are no significant differences between cirrhotic and healthy subjects in terms of periodontal disease parameters.

Keywords: Cirrhosis, clinical attachment level, plaque index, probing depth
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