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Submitted: 13 Jul 2009
Accepted: 01 Sep 2009
ePublished: 21 Sep 2018
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2009;1(1): 5-10.
  Abstract View: 194
  PDF Download: 113

Research Article

Clinical Comparison of Treatment Response Patterns Following Non-surgical Periodontal Therapy in Non-smokers and Passive Smokers with Chronic Periodontitis

Masoumeh Faramarzie 1, Atabak Kashefimehr 1, Adileh Shirmohammadi 1*, Ardeshir Lafzi 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
2 Professor, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
*Corresponding author; E-mail: shirmohamadia@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims. Smoking is a risk factor for periodontal disease. It has been documented that smoking impairs response to periodontal therapy. The aim of this study was clinical comparison of treatment response patterns following non-surgical periodontal therapy in non-smokers (NS) and passive smokers (PS) with chronic periodontitis.

Materials and methods. Eighty adult patients (40 NS and 40 PS) with mild to moderate periodontitis were treated with fullmouth subgingival scaling and root planing. Clinical parameters evaluated included probing depth, clinical attachment level, bleeding on probing, and plaque index, collected at baseline, and at 3- and 6-month intervals.

Results. In comparison with the baseline data, both groups showed statistically significant improvements in all the parameters after 3 and 6 months. Full-mouth plaque and bleeding scores at 6 months did not demonstrate any significant differences between the two groups (P = 0.36 and P = 0.69, respectively). However, the inter-group differences after 6 months were statistically significant with regard to probing depth and clinical attachment level measurements (P = 0.001).

Conclusion. Results demonstrated that response to non-surgical periodontal therapy in non-smokers is better than that in passive smokers.

Keywords: Passive smoking, periodontitis, smoking
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