Submitted: 26 Aug 2010
Accepted: 15 Nov 2010
ePublished: 22 Sep 2011
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2010;2(2): 66-69.
  Abstract View: 143
  PDF Download: 90

Research Article

Resonance Frequency Analysis of Clinical Stability of Astra Tech and ITI Implant Systems

Majid Reza Mokhtari 1*, Mehrdad Radvar 2, Naser Sargolzaie 2, Amir Moeintagavi 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, Dental School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Periodontology, Dental School, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: mokhtarimr@mums.ac.ir


Background and aims. Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) offers a noninvasive clinical measurement of stability and osseointegration of implants; it is a useful tool to establish implant loading time. The RFA values are represented by a quantitative unit called the Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ) on a scale from 1 to 100. The aim of the present study was to measure the stability of Astra Tech and ITI dental implants during the healing period and determine the factors that affect the ISQ.

Materials and methods. In this study fourteen healthy subjects who were candidates for dental implants were randomly divided into two groups. Group one received 15 Astra Tech and group two received 15 ITI dental implants. Bone type was classified according to the Lekholm and Zarb index (D1-D4). RFA was used for direct measurement of implant stability on the day of implant placement and 1, 3 and 6 months after implant placement. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, Student’s t-test and Spearman rank correlation test using SPSS 11.5 with 95% confidence interval.

Results. The means of ISQ for Astra Tech implant after 3 and 6 months were significantly greater than those for ITI implant (p<0.05). Statistical analysis showed higher ISQ values for mandible with Type I and Type II bone than maxilla and Type III and Type IV bone (p<0.05); implant diameter was significantly correlated to implant stability (p<0.05).

Conclusion. Our data suggest that bone quality, implant surface texture (implant system) and diameter can affect implant stability and loading time. 

Keywords: ISQ, loading, osseointegration, dental implant stability
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