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Submitted: 02 Aug 2010
Accepted: 23 Aug 2010
ePublished: 22 Sep 2018
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2010;2(1): 29-32.
  Abstract View: 174
  PDF Download: 125

Research Article

A Comparison of the Serum Lipid Level between Patients with Periodontitis and Healthy Individuals

Jalaleddin Hamissi 1*, Mohamad Tagi Shahsavarani 2, Hosein Shahsavarani 3, Sahar Sayahpour 2, Hesameddin Hamissi 4

1 Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
2 Dentist, Private Practice, Qazvin, Iran
3 Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of New Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: jhamiss@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims. A link between the occurrence of severe periodontitis and several systematic health changes including an altered lipid metabolism has been suggested. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between chronic periodontitis and serum lipid levels.

Materials and methods. Thirty patients with chronic periodontitis (the community periodontal index of treatment needs – CPITN scores III & IV; age range 30-40 years old) as test group and 30 healthy individuals as control group were selected. The levels of serum lipids including total cholesterol and triglyceride as well as high- and low-density lipoproteins (HDL and LDL) were assessed. The relationship between serum lipids and periodontal disease was tested using Student’s t-test.

Results. There were no significant differences in any criteria between case and control groups. The presence of periodontal disease was significantly related with higher total cholesterol in the case group (p < 0.05). Triglycerides, HDL, and LDL did not show any difference between case and control groups.

Conclusion. Chronic periodontitis raises the chance of occurrence of hyperlipidemia in healthy people. The findings of this study support the reports linking increased prevalence of changing serum lipids among patients with periodontal disease. 

Keywords: Cholesterol, chronic periodontitis, HDL, hyperlipidemia, LDL
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