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Submitted: 29 Jun 2010
Accepted: 07 Aug 2010
ePublished: 22 Sep 2018
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2010;2(1): 12-16.
  Abstract View: 141
  PDF Download: 73

Research Article

Simvastatin and Lovastatin Induce Ectopic Bone Formation in Rat Subcutaneous Tissue

Behzad Houshmand 1, Rahele Hassanizade 2, Behnam Eslami 3, Shohreh Amouei 2, Ghazaleh Dashti 2, Golnaz Morad 2, Arash Khojasteh 4*

1 Associate professor, Department of Periodontology, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 General Practitioner, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Assistant professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: arashkhojasteh@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims. Statins, the mevalonate pathway inhibitors, have effects on bone formation in vitro and in vivo. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether injection of statins could lead to ectopic bone formation in rats.

Materials and methods. A single dose (0.5 mg) of simvastatin, atrovastatin, lovastatin and polyethylene glycol (control material) were injected into four quadrants of dorsal subcutaneous tissue in twelve rats. Intramuscular injections of the same statins were also done in femur and arm muscles of eight other rats.

Results. Cartilage formation was observed in simvastatin-treated area in one rat after six weeks. Bone formation was also evident in lovastatin-treated area in one rat and simvastatin-treated area in another after this period. No hard tissue formation was detected in muscles.

Conclusion. Subcutaneous injection of simvastatin and lovastatin can induce ectopic bone formation. 

Keywords: Ectopic bone formation, lovastatin, simvastatin, subcutaneous injection
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