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Submitted: 27 Aug 2014
Accepted: 18 Feb 2015
ePublished: 08 Oct 2018
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J Periodontol Implant Dent. 2015;7(1): 21-25.
doi: 10.15171/jpid.2015.004
  Abstract View: 252
  PDF Download: 132

Research Article

Comparative Assessment of a Standard Oral Hygiene Regimen with and without Mouthwash and Related Clinical Findings over a 14-day Period

Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh 1, Reza Amid 2, Parisa Zarnegarnia 3, Fatemeh Mollaverdi 4, Yaser Safi 5*, Maryam Eslami Manouchehri 6

1 Associate Professor, Dental Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontics, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Dental Student, Dental School, International Branch of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Postgraduate Student, Department of Operative Dentistry, Dental School, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 DDS, Postgraduate student, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Radiology, Dental School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran. Iran
*Corresponding Author; E-mail: yaser_safi@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims. The goal of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a standard oral hygiene routine (daily tooth brushing and flossing) along with cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthwash in comparison to the same protocol without mouthwash in chronic periodontitis patients during a 14-day period.

Materials and methods. This comparative study was carried out or 50 non-smoking patients with chronic periodontitis; 25 patients followed an oral hygiene regimen using a toothbrush and dental floss (control group) and the remaining 25 used the mentioned protocol along with CPC mouthwash (test group) for 14 days. The plaque index (PI), modified gingival index (MGI) and probing pocket depth (PPD) were assessed. Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to evaluate and compare the prevalence of indices between the two groups. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05.

Results. The results showed greater improvement of MGI in the test group (P=0.001). No statistically significant differences were observed in PI (P=0.47) and PPD (P=0.43) between the two groups.

Conclusion. Adding mouthwash to a standard oral hygiene regimen may improve some clinical gingival parameters when compared with an oral hygiene routine without a mouthwash

Keywords: Dental plaque, hygiene, mouthwash, periodontitis
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