Background. This study used CBCT images to evaluate the suitability of maxillary first and second molar sites to receive immediate implants. Buccopalatal and mesiodistal widths of maxillary molar inter-radicular septum were evaluated at three different levels (crestal, middle, and apical), in addition to assessments of the root apex and furcation proximities to the sinus floor and comparisons of these measurements between the first and second upper molar sites before extraction.Methods. A total of 427 dental sites from 223 patients were used to measure the buccopalatal and mesiodistal widths of inter-septal/furcal (IRS) bone of maxillary first and second molars and vertical distances from the furcation and from all the root apices to the sinus floor (SF).Results. Mean coronal-most buccopalatal/mesiodistal IRS widths were 7.33/6.52 mm for the first and 6.86/5.85 mm for the second molars (P=0.008). Corresponding mean FSD (furcation-sinus floor) values were 9.69 mm (range: 2.02-24.68 mm) and 8.84 mm (range: 1.48-25.09 mm). Mean distances from all the root apices to SF were <3 mm. The palatal roots of the first molars had higher sinus intrusion rates (28.85%) than their buccal counterparts, while for the second molars, the mesiobuccal roots showed the highest sinus intrusion (37.65%).Conclusion. In the current patient sample, 61.7% of the first and 34% of the second molars had a sufficiently broad IRS to encase a 5-mm-diameter IMI (immediate molar implant) completely. The mean FSD of 9 mm for both molars indicated that some sinus floor elevation would likely be needed unless short implants were used.