Submitted: 17 Nov 2018
Revised: 15 Dec 2018
Accepted: 31 Dec 2018
First published online: 19 Jan 2019
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J Adv Periodontol Implant Dent. 2018;10(2):90-94.
doi: 10.15171/japid.2018.014
  Abstract View: 36
  PDF Download: 34

Research Article

The relationship between BMI ≥ 25 and periodontal status: A case-control study

Seyed Ali Banihashem, Kazem Fatemi, Taher Pakdel, Nahid Nasrabadi *

1 Associated Professor of Periodontology, Dental Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Associated Professor of Periodontology, Dental Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 general practitioner
4 Assistant Professor of Periodontology, Dental Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

ABSTRACT Introduction: Obesity is an important subject in both developed and developing countries. Obesity is a risk factor for many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and osteoarthritis. Periodontitis is a prevalent, chronic disease and multiple factors have been proposed to contribute to its progression. we aimed to compare the periodontal status of normal weight and obese individuals. Materials and Methods In this study, we consecutively selected 100 patients (50 obese and overweight as the case group, based on Body Mass Index [BMI], and 50 of normal weight, as the control group) referred to the Periodontology Department of Mashhad Dental School. The demographic data of participants were recorded, including age, gender, height, and weight. The following periodontal parameters were assessed: Periodontal Pocket Depth (PPD), Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) and Plaque Index The Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Chi-square and Independent t-tests, as well as analysis of co-variance, were used to analyze the data. Results We found that the mean Periodontal Pocket Depth was similar in the test and control groups (P-value=0.168). Moreover, CAL was not significantly different in that both groups. (P-value=0.494). Conclusion Our findings indicate obesity and overweight does not seem to have association with periodontal parameters such as periodontal pocket depth and clinical attachment loss. More researches needed to evaluate this relationship.
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